Portugal is a Southern European country located to the West of the Iberian Peninsula. The country, a member of the European Union, spreads over 92 358km². It has a population of around 10 200 000 people and the national language is Portuguese.
Created in the 12thcentury, the kingdom of Portugal became one of the most important European countries with a major role in the great discoveries of the 15thand 16thcenturies.
The beginning of the 20thcentury was marked by the end of the Portuguese monarchy (1910) followed by the start of the Salazar authoritarian regime in 1926 which ended in 1974 due to the “Carnation” revolution which established democracy in the country.
Since then, the country has experienced an important economic development with a wealthy economy at the end of the 20thcentury. Despite that improvement, it went through a period of recession from 2011 with a political, social and economic crisis.